Wednesday, April 26, 2017

The Korean War : Plain Perfidy by Alan Winnington and Wilfred Burchett



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Alan Winnington with his trademark pipe


Alan Winnington from 1950, he was one of only two Western journalists (the other was Australian) to observe Korean War from the North Korean side. Given that there were 300 correspondents from 19 nations in Korea, all one the Southern side, this put him in a singular important position. His factual reporting of the experimental use by the Americans of bacteriological warfare outraged that country’s leadership which then brought pressure on the UK to act against one of its own citizens.

In an atmosphere of outrage, he was accused by western media and politicians of assisting in what was claimed to be the new trick allegedly being carried out by the North Koreans of `brainwashing’ prisoners of war. Although, posterity seems to agree that the Korean version of what was already a highly developed and successful branch of the art of torture within the CIA, of leading a political discussion about the merits of Kim Il Sung, was more off-putting than influencing. This writer, in his youth, actually met a Scotsman – not a Communist - who had been a POW in Korea and had been subjected to attempts at what might at a stretch be called indoctrination but was not in the least resentful about the experience of what would be deemed re-education by the Vietnamese liberation struggle in similar circumstances.

It seems that Winnington’s crime was to, as part of his reporting duties, observe such a meeting of British servicemen in a North Korean POW camp, where a discussion about the nature and aims of the war had been led by a Korean political education officer. This was stretched to allegation that he had observed the beating of POWs and translated during their improper interrogation by the North Korean military. None of this appears to be remotely true and no retrospective evidence to back up the injustice perpetrated on Winnington has ever appeared.

Even so, he was called a traitor by newspapers and, in the security of parliament, politicians threatened him with prosecution if he were to enter Britain. Then, fearful that the Communist Party might call their bluff and recall Winnington so that he could challenge his accusers in open court, in 1954, at the end of the Korean War, when Winnington expected to be able to travel home, the British Government simply refused to renew his passport and supply a new one on the expiry of his outdated one.  

Thus, he was stranded abroad, unable to travel except within the socialist bloc, and lived in exile for the next 20 years. The decision to ban him from receiving a passport was not lifted until 1968.

He had in any case relocated to Berlin in 1960 and, even when his passport was restored in a different international climate, Winnington still spent his remaining years in the, perhaps, more congenial surroundings of the German Democratic Republic, or `East Germany’. Apart from his diplomatic and war journalism, he was a prolific writer; many of his books were translated into German. He produced nine novels, six of which were in the crime and detective genre, two children’s books and four factual books on travel and anthropology and  China, as well of course  political pamphlets and the like. His biography was finished by his widow and a colleague and published posthumously after he died on 26th November 1983 aged 73.

Some of Winnington’s published titles are: `I Saw the Truth in Korea’ (1950); `Slaves of the Cool Mountains’ (1950); `Catseyes’ (1967); `Berlin Halt’ (1970).




SEE ALSO

http://democracyandclasstruggle.blogspot.co.uk/2017/04/the-korean-war-monstrous-war-by-wilfred.html

India : 300 Maoists for Social Justice Against the Unjust Indian State



Democracy and Class Struggle says the overwhelming military/police forces of the Indian State cannot defeat the Naxalite idea of social justice and it NEVER will.

The idea of Revolutionary Socialism cannot be uprooted from India - it produces new generations of revolutionaries daily who will succeed over time.

300 armed Naxalite Maoists rattled the Indian government armed security forces

"As the backup team advanced, he spotted the two women counting mangoes on a tree, after which they created a sound by beating two sticks that they carried. “This is a system of alerting Maoists about the presence of security forces by their informers”,..

Monday’s deadly Naxal attack in Chhattisgarh’s Sukma district that claimed the lives of 25 CRPF personnel has forced the Centre to review its anti-Naxal strategy, with home minister Rajnath Singh convening a high-level meeting of all Maoist-infested states on May 8.

Sources said the attack by around 300 Naxals has rattled the government and the meeting was likely to discuss a tactical shift in future anti-Naxal operations, with a focus on greater involvement by state police forces.

Expressing concern over the role of the local police in tackling Naxal activities, the home minister, who visited Chhattisgarh on Tuesday, said the government has taken the incident as a “challenge” and that “the sacrifice of the jawans (CRPF personnel) will not go in vain”. In Raipur, he said the Naxal strategy would be reviewed and, if required, it would be revisited. The minister has also directed senior officials, including acting CRPF chief Sudeep Lakhtakia and MHA security adviser K Vijay Kumar, to stay put in Chhattisgarh to monitor the situation and coordinate the targeted operations against the Naxals.

The sources claimed that in the Burkapal incident, there was “no intelligence or assistance from the local police” to the CRPF and no information was given to the force on the massive mobilisation of Naxal cadre in the region.

“We never received any cooperation from local villagers despite the fact that I treat them regularly and saved many lives”, said Manoj Kumar, a medical worker in the Burkapal CRPF camp, giving first-aid to injured jawans. Kumar recalled how a young woman in a red sari had surfaced near the camp in the morning just before jawans from the camp left for an operation to sanitise the nearby areas to pave way for resumption of construction of a road along with a bridge.

“I have been posted in the camp for the past four years. I know people in the nearby villages since I provide them medical treatment. I got curious about the mysterious woman since I have never seen her before. I enquired about her when two other women appeared at the camp later. But they misled me, saying she was a newlyed woman of the village. Later, I found from other villagers that the mysterious woman didn’t belong to the village.”

As the backup team advanced, he spotted the two women counting mangoes on a tree, after which they created a sound by beating two sticks that they carried. “This is a system of alerting Maoists about the presence of security forces by their informers”, he said.

A senior security official said: “One needs to look at the role of the local police as they are totally dependent on the CRPF without providing any support or backup to them. What states need to realise is that Central police forces are deployed from outside and have no knowledge or information about the local networks of informers or terrain which makes the task for them more difficult. This makes the role of the state police in providing local intelligence more important, which is not happening. In the Burkapal incident, the local police didn’t accompany the CRPF team.”

As many as 99 jawans of the CRPF’s 74th battalion had left the Burkapal camp around 6 am Monday to sanitise the construction site. The Naxal attack came at about 12.55 pm, when the jawans were preparing for lunch.

“The ambush site chosen was a very small area surrounded by dense forests from where Maoists launched the attack. The small open area did not give enough scope to the jawans to manoeuvre to undertake retaliation,” said IGP (Bastar Range) Vivekanand Sinha, who visited the ambush site for the second day Tuesday.

The ambush site had shoes and torn clothes of slain jawans scattered around, water bottles hit by bullets, unused arrow bombs, empty cartridges of automatic weapons and mortars. There were reports that Naxals had also mutilated the bodies of some of those killed, but officials were tightlipped about it.

Twenty weapons, including 16 AK-47s, five fitted with under-barrel grenade launchers (UBGL), three Insas rifles and LMGs were looted from the slain jawans. About 2,800 rounds of AK-47 ammo, 600 rounds of Insas and 20 grenades, besides bulletproof jackets, wireless sets, and binoculars were also taken away.

An initial probe by the security agencies has revealed that besides lack of intelligence, another reason for the high casualty of CRPF personnel was that Naxals used tribal villagers as human shields, which restricted retaliatory action by the security forces, besides the fact that the Naxals occupied vantage positions and cornered the CRPF personnel from three sides, thus blocking any possible escape routes.

The security agencies have identified the mastermind behind the Burkapal incident as Hidma, a top Naxal commander, who heads the 1st battalion of the Naxal People’s Libe-ration Guerrilla Army (PLGA). One of the most wanted Naxal commanders, Hidma is also reported to have been behind the attack on CRPF jawans last month, in which 12 of them were killed.

“What is surprising is that the local intelligence unit of the state police had no information about the presence of a top Naxal commander like Hidma in the region. More so as Naxals carry out most major operations against the security forces in the summer,” another official noted.

The home ministry has out the possibility of deploying the Army to tackle the Naxal menace, saying it was an internal security issue. This, incidentally, has been the Centre’s position even under the UPA government, even though Air Force helicopters were used for logistical aid like transporting injured personnel and airdropping food, medicines and other essential supplies for them.

SOURCE: ASIAN AGE - LONDON EDITION

US Imperialists Out of South Korea: South Korean People Take Their Future into their own Hands and oppose THADD Deployment



Democracy and Class Struggle says the US is planning major provocations around 9th May Elections to prevent the Election of a South Korean Peace President.

The People and the People alone are the motive force in  making World History - Chairman Mao Zedong

The People must take to the streets and close down the US bases in South Korea - it is a fight for survival of the Korean Nation whose blood Trump is prepared to sacrifice just for his vanity.

The Korean People can make history if they make one big effort and re-start the road to re-unification.

Full Spectrum Resistance in South Korea to US Imperialism NOW ! 


SEE ALSO:
http://democracyandclasstruggle.blogspot.co.uk/2017/02/north-korea-fires-ballistic-missile-and.html





HISTORY OF KOREAN WAR - THE MONSTROUS WAR BY WILFRED BURCHETT

http://democracyandclasstruggle.blogspot.co.uk/2017/04/the-korean-war-monstrous-war-by-wilfred.html

Tuesday, April 25, 2017

China: Xi Jinping urges calm over North Korea and parties should meet each other halfway


Democracy and Class Struggle says that Trump  is boxing himself into a corner on North Korea as he is no diplomat neither is Rex Tillerson - Xi Jingping clearly is trying to restrain Trump but with limited success - the  most dangerous time is still ahead.


Chinese President Xi Jinping and his US counterpart Donald Trump on Monday discussed bilateral ties and the situation on the Korean Peninsula over the phone, promising close contact to allow for the prompt exchange of views on major issues of mutual concern.

China strongly opposes actions that violate United Nations Security Council resolutions, Xi said, adding that China hopes the parties concerned will exercise restraint and avoid actions that aggravate tensions on the peninsula, the Xinhua News Agency reported.

It was the second phone conversation between the presidents since Xi visited Trump in Florida on April 6.

Xi noted that if the parties shoulder their responsibilities and meet each other halfway, they can solve North Korea's nuclear issue and achieve denuclearization, according to Xinhua.

Tensions on the Korean Peninsula are mounting, with South Korean and US media reporting that North Korea is preparing its sixth nuclear test on Tuesday, the 85th anniversary of the founding of its military.

North Korea has reportedly evacuated citizens living near the Punggye-ri nuclear test site, where it conducted the fifth nuclear test in September 2016.

South Korea's Yonhap News Agency reported Sunday that the UN Security Council will hold meetings on the North Korean nuclear issue on Friday, which may be North Korea's excuse for its latest provocation.

Normal life

Amid tensions, life in Chinese cities bordering North Korea has been going on as normal, though residents expressed concerns about what will happen next on the peninsula.

A resident of Yanji, Northeast China's Jilin Province, surnamed Guo told the Global Times that she is worried about reports of upcoming nuclear tests.

Yanji is the capital of the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and is located just 10 kilometers from the border of China and North Korea.

"We felt the earth shake during North Korea's last nuclear test, and it plans to soon test again? Seniors and children will panic," said Guo.

The Punggye-ri nuclear test site is roughly 100 kilometers from Chinese border cities, including Yanji and Tumen in Jilin Province, which experienced seismic activity during the fifth test.

A primary school in Yanji evacuated its students after the September 2016 test, news portal sohu.com reported.

A resident of Dandong, Northeast China's Liaoning Province, which is also near the North Korean border, told the Global Times that he fears Mount Changbai volcano may erupt due to man-made earthquakes across border.

The mountain straddles the border between the countries.

The resident, surnamed Zhang, also said that if the situation deteriorates, there may be a flood of North Korean refugees to China.

Another Yanji resident told the Global Times that he's concerned about possible pollution risks brought by North Korean nuclear tests.

"They [the North Koreans] are now short of everything - from food to energy as well as technology. How will we find out if their nuclear test pollutes the air, soil and especially groundwater?" Zhang said.

Foreign ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying told a press conference after North Korea's fifth nuclear test that China's Environmental Protection Ministry will monitor radiation along the China-North Korea border to ensure the safety of Chinese citizens.

Li Guowei, 54, a resident in Yanji, told the Global Times that "this is not the first time we have heard this news and it won't be the last. Our lives have to go on."

Li said that despite the trouble North Korea has created, he has some sympathy for the North Korean people who want to protect their country, as "their hands are tied by reality."

"They have a strong backbone but this cannot help them develop the country's economy," said Li.

The Global Times reporter saw a group of North Koreans checking into a hotel in Yanji, and a hotel employee confirmed with the Global Times that there have been delegations from North Korea visiting the region regularly for business or to see relatives in China.

Yanbian has a large population of ethnic Koreans. About 70 percent of Jilin's 1 million ethnic Koreans live there. It is also a gathering place for South Korean students and businesses

SOURCE: http://english.sina.com/china/d/2017-04-25/detail-ifyepsec0845483.shtml

The Korean War - The Monstrous War by Wilfred G Burchett - John Pilger Interviews Wilfred G. Burchett



Democracy and Class Struggle says the first 500 copies of this book were destroyed by United States Government when this book arrived at US Customs - Read it for True History of Korean War

John Pilger Interviews Wilfred Burchett below on his eyewitness report at Hiroshima following the Nuclear Attack.


Trump's First 100 Days by Trevor Noah

Col. Lawrence Wilkerson, warns the Trump administration's current rhetoric on Iran reminds him of the prelude to the Iraq war – and could be setting the stage for a U.S. regime change effort in Tehran.

Monday, April 24, 2017

In the twenty-ninth edition of the Russian Newspapers Monitor, Professor Filip Kovacevic discusses the articles from four Russian newspapers: Izvestia, Nezavisimaya Gazeta, Pravda and Argumenty i Fakty. He discusses the U.S.-led coalition bombing of Deir-ez-Zor, Syria which allegedly released chemical poisons into the air, the U.S. under Trump positioning even more nuclear weapons in Europe, the NATO-CIA-MI6 Gladio C operations in Moldova and Belarus, and the Russian prospects in cyber warfare.

PCM Italy fully supports and supports the boycott of the elections that the PCM of France is carrying out in various forms, mainly in the lower-income neighborhoods.




PCM Italy fully supports and supports the boycott of the elections that the PCM of France is carrying out in various forms, mainly in the lower-income neighborhoods.

The elections in France take place in the context of the rise of modern fascism which sees as a sword Marine Le Pen, combining the traditional fascist line with a wave reactionary populist anti-immigration.

This campaign during these elections finds favorable ground in the crisis  of the corruption of the parliamentary parties

In the years of government of Holland and the "socialists",  power is discredited and is the easy target of the Le Penist demagogy.

The forces of the government and the opposition of the same kind are divided, even if they say essentially the same things.

The right of the government, after a confused internal battle, ended up naming - to the great disgrace of Sarkozy-Fillon as candidate representing the same interests, but who "stumbled" in the family clientelist policy.

On the left fell one after the other the candidates of Holland, and the emergence of  those not quite in line with Holland;

That represented by the young politician in ascension, Macron, strongly linked to the employers' organizations and determined to gain the voting sectors of the middle and petty bourgeoisie.

In Macron we owe the law on precariousness, which later became Labor Law, and is the nearest candidate to Renzi in Italy.

(Renzi is currently in decline after the defeat in the referendum, which wants Win both the Democratic Party conference and the upcoming elections with a Macron program, image and line, taking into account the importance that Macron is not the "French Renzi", as Renzi aspires to Perhaps the "Macron Italian", especially in the event Macron wins the election).

The official candidate of the Socialist Party is Hamon who won, with some surprise, the primaries, while trying to distance himself from Holland and the brutal fall of the Socialist Party.

Hamon, although he was also a statesman, tried to be approved and admired as a "young and modern" socialist, closer to a Vendola than a Bersani. But this characterization has become weak in the face of the strong interests defended by the Socialist Party and Holland itself, and these forces will eventually converge on Macron and not on Hamon.

For this, beyond the polls it is difficult to think of a solution other than a second round between Le Pen and Macron.

At the extreme left, beyond the traditional "national candidates" of the NPA and LO whose main interests are self-propaganda and the preservation of its members and sympathizers, and whose real line in the general struggle depends on the positioning by the ballot paper, there is the advance of the Left Front of Mélenchon, which, over the years has been transformed, with a parliamentary activity which has accepted to place itself in the general interest of the " French imperialism (see support for anti-terrorist laws), and with the unending crisis of the PCF, the ecologists and even the Socialist Party, met under the banner of the forces of a traditional left, reformist and revisionist, Marxist-Leninists of the PCOF;

A candidate that is increasingly progressing in order to reach and perhaps overtake in voice, the official candidate of the Socialist Party.

In this context, it is clear that there is no "lesser evil". In a state and an imperialist regime within a political system like the one under way, the French electoral system allows for a polarization even more radical than that in Italy, but with a presidential system that allows only alternate committees, Enterprise of the bourgeoisie.

The rise of modern fascism, in its explicit form of Le Pen, can not be combated on the electoral plane. 

To combat it in this form means not to regard as internal the tendency to modern fascism: the police state, the imperialist wars, the national economy, the war economy, and the candidates of the other two sides. Political, tactical and strategic error.

Consequently, the boycott is just and reasonable, not only to make known the strategic vision of the proletariat, the Marxist-Leninist-Maoist communists, but also to expose all the forms embodying the tendency of the bourgeoisie and its state , And who can not adapt to the winner of the election.

On certain issues, such as immigration, salary, job protection, presidential candidates can involve the proletarian sectors of the ballot, even those in the struggle, but this can not change the need to assert that on this ground,

The struggle and not the vote is the way forward.

Who does not fight cannot lead to results

PCM of Italy

4th April 2017

Translation By DCS

Maoists have killed 24 policemen in the central Indian state of Chhattisgarh, in one of the largest attacks by the rebels in recent years.



Democracy and Class Struggle says Naxalites Never Die they Just multiply

Maoists have killed 24 policemen in the central Indian state of Chhattisgarh, in one of the largest attacks by the rebels in recent years.

The officers were guarding road workers in the Sukma district, which has seen a long-running insurgency by Maoists.

The details of the attack are sketchy, but one report said it was carried out by 300 rebels.
The Maoists say they are fighting for greater rights for tribal people and the rural poor.

Their insurgency began in the eastern state of West Bengal in the late 1960s, later spreading to more than one-third of India's 600-plus administrative districts.

The attack on the personnel of the paramilitary Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) began at 13:00 local time on Monday and the clashes went on for a few hours, reports said.

It is not yet known if the Maoists suffered any casualties.